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Why Malaysia-Rubber Production?

Typically, Malaysia is responsible for one third of the world's rubber export. Malaysia is also and exporter of palm oil, timber, pepper, and tobacco.Agriculture remains an important sector of Malaysia's economy, contributing 12 percent to the national GDP and providing employment for 16 percent of the population. The British established large-scale plantations and introduced new commercial crops (rubber in 1876, palm oil in 1917, and cocoa in the 1950s). The 3 main crops—rubber, palm oil, and cocoa—have dominated agricultural exports ever since, although the Malaysian share of the world's production of these crops declined steadily during the last 2 decades. Logging in the tropical rainforest is an important export revenue earner in Malaysia and in the northern states of Peninsular Malaysia. Malaysia is one of the world's leading suppliers of rubber, producing 767,000 metric tons of rubber in 1999.Since 2001, Malaysia's rubber production has been increasing. In 2004, production value reached eight billion dollars, in 2007 it topped ten billion dollars, and in 2008, production value is sitting at 11.24 billion dollars. In 2009 however, production plummeted by nearly six percent. Malaysia has earned a good reputation around the world for its high quality and well priced rubber products. Rubber manufacturers in Malaysia supply several different rubber products such as medical gloves, components for automobiles, belts, and hoses to several different countries such as USA, Japan, and many countries in Europe.

The climatic conditions for optimum growth of rubber trees consist of:

Rainfall of around 250 cm evenly distributed without any marked dry season and with at least 100 rainy days per year.

Temperature range of about 20°C to 34°C with a monthly mean of 25°C to 28°C.

High atmospheric humidity of around 80%.

Bright sunshine amounting to about 2000 hours per year at the rate of 6 hours per day throughout the year.

Absence of strong winds.

Many high-yielding clones have been developed for commercial planting. These clones yield more than 2,000 kilograms of dry rubber per hectare per year, when grown under ideal conditions and ideal field.